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HD Forensics Books


A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

Dr. Dennis Dirkmaat

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts.


Age Estimation: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Dr. Joe Adserias-Garriga

Age Estimation: A Multidisciplinary Approach presents the most comprehensive assessment of age estimation methods currently available, including aging the living and the dead, human rights, and skeletal, dental, histological and biochemical techniques.


A Bibliography Relation to Crime Scene Interpretation contains a comprehensive bibliography containing pertinent information related to the recovery of crime scene evidence in outdoor contexts.


Burnt Human Remains: Recovery, Analysis, and Interpretation (Forensic Science in Focus) 

Drs. Sarah Ellingham, Joe Adserias-Garriga, Sara C. Zapico, Douglas H. Ubelaker

Burnt Human Remains: Recovery, Analysis, and Interpretation presents an in-depth multidisciplinary approach to the detection, recovery, analysis, and identification of thermally altered remains.

Select Publications


  • Ellingham S, C Zapico S., Adserias-Garriga J., Ubelaker DH (Editors). The Forensic Analysis of Burnt Human Remains: Recovery, Analysis, and Interpretation. Willey. ISBN: 978-1119682608.


  • Dunn RR, Zurek-Ost A, Lynch P, Bohne Warren C. 2022. Dennis C. Dirkmaat: A brief visit with an influential forensic anthropologist. Forensic Anthropology, 5(4): 285-291.


  • Adserias-Garriga J., Garcia-Gil JL. 2021. Latent fingermarks and microbiome. In: Technologies for Fingermark Age Estimations: Strengthening the Reliability of Crime Evidence. Josep De Alcaraz-Fossoul J. (Editor). ISBN: 978-3030693367.



  • Ost AM, Dunn RR, Dirkmaat DC. 2019. What forensic taphonomy can do for you: a case study in rural Pennsylvania. In: Garvin H, Langley N, editors. Case studies in forensic anthropology: bonified skeletons. Boca Raton: CRC Press.​

  • AlQahtani SJ, Adserias-Garriga J. Ethical considerations of the management of the dead in the Middle East. In: Ethical Challanges of Working with Human Remains. Squires K, Errickson D, Márquez-Grant N. (eds). (Book in press).

  • Adserias-Garriga J. (Editor). Age Estimation: Multidiciplinary Approach. Elsevier. ISBN: 9780128144916.

  • Sara C. Zapico, Douglas H. Ubelaker, Joe Adserias-Garriga. Applications of physiological Bases of Aging to Forensic Science: New Advances. In: Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the dead and the living Parra R, C. Zapico S, Ubelaker DH (eds). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN-10: 1119481961.

  • Joe Adserias-Garriga, Joel Tejada. Dental aging methods and population variation. In: Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the dead and the living. Parra R, C. Zapico S, Ubelaker DH (eds). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN-10: 1119481961.

  • Adserias-Garriga J., Labajo González ME., Martín de las Heras S. “La Odontología Forense en las Grandes Catástrofes”. In: “Odontología Forense: identificación humana y alteraciones del sistema estomatognático en el contexto forense” by Cámara Colombiana del Libro. ISBN 978-958-8687-82-7.


  • Dirkmaat, D.C., and L.L. Cabo. Forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy: Basic considerations on how to properly process and interpret the outdoor forensic scene. Acad Forensic Pathol. 2016.

  • Dirkmaat, D.C., H. Garvin, and L.L. Cabo (in press). Forensic Anthropology in The International
    Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology (IEBA), Wenda Trevathan (ed). John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

  • Dirkmaat, D.C., and L.L. Cabo. Taphonomy. The International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology (IEBA). Wenda Trevathan (ed). John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

  • Adserias-Garriga J. “Forensic application of telomere shortening in age-at-death estimation”. In: “Mechanisms Linking Aging, Diseases and Biological Age Estimation” C. Zapico S (ed) by CRC Press. ISBN 9781498709699.

  • Lesciotto, KM, LL Cabo, and HM Garvin (2016): A morphometric analysis of prognathism and evaluation of the gnathic index in modern humans. HOMO 67(4): 294–312.

  • Cabo LL, C Thomas, and S Casado-Zapico S (2016): Advanced Glycation Endproducts for age-at-death estimation. In Casado-Zapico (Ed.) Mechanisms Linking Aging, Diseases and Biological Age
    Estimation. Taylor & Francis, pp. 122-127.

  • Rojo A, LL Cabo, CM Grossi, and FJ Alonso (2016): Dating the Pre-Romanesque church of San Miguel de Lillo, Spain: new methods for historic buildings. In J Hughes and T Howind (Eds.) Science and Art: A Future for Stone: Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Volume 1. Paisley: University of the West of Scotland, pp. 583-589.



  • Cabo, L., and D. C. Dirkmaat. Forensic Archaeology in the US. In: Forensic Archaeology: A Global
    Perspective. W.J. Groen, N. Marquez-Grant, and R. Janaway, eds. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, UK. 

  • C. Zapico S, Adserias-Garriga J. “New approaches in Postmortem Interval (PMI) estimation”. In: “Forensic Science: New Developments, Perspectives and Advanced Technologies” by NOVA Science Publishers, Inc. ISBN: 978-1-63483-107-9.

  • L'Abbé EN, SA Symes, J T Pokines, LL Cabo, K E Stull, S Kuo, DE Raymond, PS Randolph-Quinney, and LR Berger (2015): Evidence of fatal skeletal injuries on Malapa Hominins 1 and 2. Scientific
    reports 5 (2015): e15120-e15120.

  • Fojas CL, LL Cabo, NV Passalacqua, CW Rainwater, KS Puentes, and SA Symes (2015): The utility of
    spatial analysis in the recognition of normal and abnormal patterns in burned human remains. In
    NV Passalacqua and CW Rainwater (Eds.): Skeletal trauma analysis: Case studies in context.
    John Wiley & Sons, pp. 204-221.



  • Ambers, A., H. Gill-King, D. Dirkmaat, R. Benjamin, J. King, and B. Budowie. Autosomal and Y-STR
    analysis of degraded DNA from the 120-year-old skeletal remains of Ezekiel Harper. Forensic Science International. Vol 9: 33-41. Elsevier.

  • Chapter 18. Recovery and Identification of Victims of the Colgan Air #3407 Crash. Dawnie Wolfe
    Steadman, Ph.D., D-ABFA, Dennis Dirkmaat, Ph.D., D-ABFA, Mark LeVaughn, M.D., Ray G. Miller, DDS,
     Laura Regan, Ph.D., and Dianne Vertes, MD., pp. 389-406. In: Commingling of Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis and Identification, B. Adams and J. Byrd., Academic Press, Oxford.

  • Franks EM, and Cabo LL (2014), Quantifying asymmetry: Ratios and alternatives. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 154(4): 498–511.



  • A Companion to Forensic Anthropology, DC Dirkmaat, editor. Wiley-Blackwell, United Kingdom.

  • Dennis C. Dirkmaat, Erin N. Chapman, Michael Kenyhercz, Luis L. Cabo. Enhancing Scene Processing Protocols to Improve Victim Identification and Field Detection of Human Remains in Mass Fatality Scenes. National Institute of Justice website.



  • Adserias-Garriga J. “Forensic Odontology”. In: “Esquemas de Medicina Bucal”. Textos Docentes. ISBN: 978-84-475-3447-0.



  • Overbury RS, LL Cabo, DC Dirkmaat and SA Symes. Asymmetry of the Os Pubis: Implications for the
    Suchey-Brooks Method. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 139: 261-268.

  • Book Review: The Forensic Anthropology Laboratory. Am. J. of Phys. Anthropol., 140, Issue 3, pp. 596-597.



  • Dirkmaat, DC, LL Cabo, SD Ousley, and SA Symes. New Perspectives in Forensic Anthropology.
    Yearbook Phys. Anthrop. 51: 33-52.

  • Villa Valdés A, R Montes López, S Hevia González, NV Passalacqua, AC Wilson, LL Cabo (2008):
    Avance sobre el estudio de la necrópolis medieval del Chao Samartín en Castro (Grandas de
    salime, Asturias). Territorio, Sociedad y Poder: Revista de Estudios Medievales 3: 57-84.

  • Egocheaga JE, LL Cabo, L Rodríguez, MJ Sierra, and R Trabazo (2008): Memoria de Resultados (1999-2002) de los estudios paleoantropológicos de la muestra SDR-1994 de los fósiles del Hombre de Sidrón. In J. Camino (ed.) Excavaciones Arqueológicas en Asturias 1999-2002. Servicio de
    Publicaciones del Principado de Asturias, Oviedo, pp. 179-190 [Report on the results (1999-
    2002) of the paleoanthropological study of the SDR-1994 fossil human sample from Sidrón Cave.
    In Archaeological Excavations in Asturias 1999-2002]

  • Requejo O, C Arca, L Arias, and LL Cabo (2008): Descubrimiento de la antigua Iglesia de S. Juan de
    Riomiera (Collanzo, Aller). In J. Camino (ed.) Excavaciones Arqueológicas en Asturias 1999-
    2002. Servicio de Publicaciones del Principado de Asturias, Oviedo, pp. 347-356 [The Discovery
    of the S. Juan de Riomera ancient church (Collanzo, Aller). In Archaeological Excavations in
    Asturias 1999-2002]

  • Requejo O, LL Cabo, and M Jiménez (2008): Necrópolis tardorromana de Paredes (Siero, Principado de Asturias). Materiales arqueológicos y aspectos tafonómicos. In J. Camino (ed.) Excavaciones
    Arqueológicas en Asturias 1999-2002. Servicio de Publicaciones del Principado de Asturias,
    Oviedo, pp. 311-315 [Late Roman Necrópolis of Paredes (Siero, Principality of Asturias).
    Archaeological Materials and Taphonomic Characteristics. In Archaeological Excavations in
    Asturias 1999-2002]



  • Rozas VC, and LL Cabo (2004): Dataciones Geoquímicas y Dendrocronológicas de Época Romana en Asturias. In De Blas, M.J. and A. Villa (eds.): Actas de los Primeros Coloquios de Arqueología de
    la Cuenca del Navia: Formación y Desarrollo de la Cultura Castreña. Gobierno del Principado de
    Asturias. [Geochemical and Dendrochronological Dating of Roman Sites in Asturias. In Memory
    of the First Archaeology Workshop of Navia River Basin. Genesis and development of the
    Castreña Culture].



  • Villa A, and LL Cabo (2003): Depósito Funerario y Recinto Fortificado de la Edad del Bronce en el Castro del Chao Samartín: Argumentos para su Datación. Trabajos de Prehistoria 60(2): 143-151
    [Chronological Aspects of the Funerary Deposit and Bronze Age Fortified Settlement of Chao

  • Rodríguez L, LL Cabo and JE Egocheaga (2003): Breve Nota sobre el Hioides neandertalense de
    Sidrón (Piloña, Asturias). In M. P. Aluja, A. Malgosa & R. Nogués (eds): Antropología y
    Biodiversidad. Bellaterra, Barcelona, pp. 484-493 [A Brief Note on the Neandertal Hyoid of Sidrón
    Cave (Piloña, Asturias). In Anthropology and Biodiversity]



  • D.C. DirkmaatRecovery and Interpretation of the Fatal Fire Victim: The Role of Forensic Anthropology. In ”Advances in Forensic Taphonomy: Method, Theory, and Archaeological Perspectives," pp. 451-472, edited by W.D. Haglund and M.H. Sorg. CRC Press, NY.

  • Egocheaga JE, R Trabazo, L Rodríguez, LL Cabo, and MJ Sierra (2001): Avance sobre el descubrimiento, características del yacimiento y estudio paleoantropológico de los restos óseos de homínidos pleistocénicos de ls cueva de Sidrón (Piloña, Asturias). Bol. Cien. Nat. R.I.D.E.A., 46: 219-263 [Preliminary report on the discovery, characteristics and palaeoanthropological study of the
    Pleistocene hominid fossil remains from Sidrón Cave (Piloña, Asturias)]



  • Cabo LL, and JE Egocheaga (2000): Breve nota sobre el Húmero 1 de la cueva de El Sidrón (Cadanes, Piloña, Asturias). In Varela, T.A. (ed.): Investigaciones en Biodiversidad Humana. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, pp. 201-207 [A brief note on the Humerus 1 from Sidrón Cave (Cadanes, Piloña, Asturias). In Research Works on Human Biodiversity]


  • Adserias-Garriga J. Collaboration in the publication of the book “Embriología Humana” by Luis Mª Gonzalo and Marian Lorente. Ed. Eunate 1999.



  • “The Archaic West of the Allegheny Mountains: A View from Cross Creek Drainage, Washington County, Pennsylvania,” by J.M. Adovasio, R. Fryman, A.G. Quinn, D.C. Dirkmaat, and D.R. Pedler. In: The Archaic Period in Pennsylvania: Hunter-Gatherers of the Early and Middle Holocene Period, edited by Paul Raber, Patricia E. Miller, and Sarah M. Neusius. Recent Research in Pennsylvania Archaeology Number 1. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Press.

  • Vertebrate Faunal Remains, pp. 501-510 by Cassandra Kuba and Dennis C. Dirkmaat. In: Archaeological Investigations in Support of the Superconducting Super Collider, Ellis County, Texas, by Joseph L. Yedlowski, Kevin J. Shaunessy, David H. Jurney, and J.M. Adovasio. Archaeology Research Program.



  • D.C. Dirkmaat"The Role of Archaeology in Forensic Investigation. In Forensic Taphonomy: The Post-mortem Fate of Human Remains," pp. 39-64 edited by W.D. Haglund and M.H. Sorg. CRC Press, NY.

  • D.C. DirkmaatVerterbrate Faunal Remains. In Archaeology of the Cañada de Cuicatlán, Oaxaca, edited by Charles S. Spencer and Elsa Redmond. American Museum of Natural History, NY.

  • Cabo LL, E Díaz, MI González, R Martínez, and P Gómez (1997): Xaldos, Vaqueiros y Somedanos: un
    estudio de consanguinidad. Consanguinidad y endogamia en algunas parroquias de los concejos
    asturianos de Salas y Somiedo entre los siglos XVIII y XX. Bol. Cien. Nat. R.I.D.E.A., 44: 119-
    144 [Xaldos, Vaqueiros and Somedans: a study on consanguinity and inbreeding at some
    parishes of the Asturian areas of Salas and Somiedo between 18th and 20th Centuries]



  • The Texas State Capitol Extension Archaeological Project, Austin, Texas. J.E. Thomas, J.M. Adovasio and D.C. Dirkmaat.



  • D.C. DirkmaatIn Archeological Investigations at 41DL279: Site of the John F Kennedy Exhibit, Dallas County. Appendix E. Vertebrate Faunal Remains from Mitigation Investigations at 41DL279, with Cassandra Kuba. Administration Building, Dallas, TX. D.H. Jurney and S.L. Andrews, editors.

  • New Methodologies for Search and Recovery. Disaster Management News, December 1995 by
    D.C. Dirkmaat, A. Quinn, and J.M. Adovasio.



  • D.C. DirkmaatTaphonomic Agents and Paleoecological Reconstructions at Meadowcroft Rockshelter (36WH297), Pennsylvania. (with J.M. Adovasio and R.C. Carlisle). In: "Explotación de Recursos Faunísticos en Sistemas Adaptativos Americanos," Arqueología Contemporánea, Vol. 4 (Edición Especial).



  • D.C. DirkmaatOsteological Laboratory Methodology and Bioanthropological Patterns (with James E. Barnes, Lela D. Donat, and Jerome C. Rose). In: Excavations at the Sinclair Cemetery (41DT105). Report submitted to the US Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District, Fort Worth, TX.

  • D.C. DirkmaatAppendix C: Vertebrate Faunal Remains Recovered During Intensive Archaeological Investigation of Site 41BX538, Applewhite Project Area. In: Historic Archaeological Investigations in the Applewhite Reservoir Project Area, M. Green, R. Moir, and K. Hindes.

  • D.C. DirkmaatModern Biotic Distribution. Phase II Testing at the Chickies Creek Site (36LA993), Lancaster County, PA., by K.J. Shaunessy. Center for Cultural Resources Research, University of Pittsburgh.



  • Prehistoric and Modern Biotic Distributions. In: Phase I and Phase II Cultural Resource Management Report, Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline, 84-Mile Storage and Transport Pipeline Expansion Project, Pennsylvania, by E. J. Siemon, III, J. Donahue, D. C. Dirkmaat, F. Jetcyk, R. C. Carlisle, and J. M. Adovasio. Report Prepared by the Cultural Resource Management Program, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Prepared for Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline Company, Houston, TX.



  • D.C. DirkmaatZooarchaeological Analysis of the Vertebrate Faunal Remains from the Gateway Center Station Sites, Pittsburgh Light Rail Transit System, Pittsburgh, PA., Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan).

  • D.C. DirkmaatArchaeology at the Howarth-Nelson Site (36FA40), Fayette County, Pennsylvania by J.M. Adovasio, K.T. Shaunessy, W.C. Johnson, J.Donahue, A.T. Boldurian, W.P. Athens, D.C. Dirkmaat, R.C. Carlisle, and D.R. Pedler. Pennsylvania Archaeologist.

  • D.C. DirkmaatPrehistoric and Modern Biotic Distributions, and Faunal Remains. In Phase II Archaeological Testing in the Pymatuning State Park Study Area, Crawford County, PA. Report Prepared by the Cultural Resource Management Program, University of Pittsburgh, for J.A. Morgan Associates/Architects, Pittsburgh, PA.


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