Forensic Odontology casework includes human identification by dental means (radiographic comparison, analysis of the dental charts), dental age estimation (individual tooth development, eruption patterns and adult dental age estimation techniques), bite marks examination, abuse and neglect, and malpractice and civil litigation.
Human identification by dental means is one of the most common and very often the most expeditious and efficient method of identification, especially in cases of decomposed, skeletonized, fragmented and burnt remains.
The age of fetuses, children and adults can be assessed by analyzing the dental tissues changes throughout life. Determining if an individual is under or above a certain age can be of significant importance in certain case investigations.
Bite mark examination cases include the differentiation of human from non-human inflicted bite marks, and the dental pattern comparison. The bite mark evaluation cases conducted follow the American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO) guidelines.